Animal research is essential for drug advancements

Whooping cough vaccine — before the vaccine was developed in the s, whooping cough, or pertussis, was a major cause of child death from this highly infectious disease. The first ACE inhibitor, Captopril, was introduced in Due to similarities in lung cell biology, the ferret model has been vital to our continued progress in combatting lung infections and is pivotal in our CF research going forward.

The FDA has approved one PFC-based alternative, but due to the high amount necessary for efficiency, it is not widely used. There are three main types of influenza A, B, and C. Cures helps the millions already effected, but a vaccine is the only way to truly stem the number of infections and work towards ending the epidemic, especially in the developing world.

However, that claim quickly falls apart when one takes into account the thousands of medicines and therapies that have stemmed from animal testing.

Animals Research at UBC

UCLA researchers also have used mouse genetics to reveal how oxidation and inflammation contribute to atherosclerosis and to discover new pathways and genes important in the manifestation of the disease. Whooping cough vaccine — before the vaccine was developed in the s, whooping cough, or pertussis, was a major cause of child death from this highly infectious disease.

The flu virus is constantly changing through antigenic shifts, so continued animal research is important to adapt the vaccine to protect against the current circulating strains. Pets suffer from kidney disease too, so animal contribution to kidney disease research helps both people and their pets.

Research with mice has created a potential blood test to identify whether a person with type 1 diabetes is releasing a protein which indicates a damaged kidney. Many of the cancer-fighting drugs today would not be possible without the use of mice.

Insix chimpanzees received an experimental vaccine which proved safe and effective at inducing an immune response. While these experimental treatments are being developed, in most cases of leukemia chemotherapy remains the main treatment, which also would not be possible without animal research.

Animal Testing: Humane Research from a Human Perspective

A vaccine for FeLV was developed and this knowledge that has allowed leukemia to be prevented and treated in cats can also offer valuable understanding into cases of leukemia in humans. These survived but the untreated ones died. We need to get educate the future generations of scientists about the search for alternatives that are more humane and simply "better" science.

Their joints are remarkably similar to ours, so they experience joint problems just like we do. Other anti-aging drugs are being researched with the help of animals. For example, testing the effects of an ointment on a wound of an animal not only allows scientists to determine if the medication would function on humans, but also lets them determine if it could be used in veterinary care.

Artificial Blood Fresh blood can only be stored for 42 days, and only a few hours without proper refrigeration, leaving the world in constant need of blood donations.

For those in whom seizures are not stopped by drugs, new treatments are being pioneered. Made possible by mouse and non-human primate models, PEP allows people to stay HIV-negative even if the virus has entered their bloodstream.

With animal research, exciting steps are being taken towards the creation of an HIV vaccine. Their artificial blood must prove successful in continuing animal tests before it is proved safe enough to start human trials. Though no one model mimics the disease in humans completely, a group of mouse models together, offer insight into the workings of the disease.

Aging Life expectancy in the United States is This model is greatly helping with vaccine strategies, for example they have suggested the possibility of a prophylactic vaccine for HCV due to the success the antibodies have exhibited in preventing infection in these mice.

While mice have an exceptionally poor vision, our understanding of their genetics allows the opportunity to try new cell therapy techniques to combat blindness.

Those suffering from chronic kidney failure must receive dialysis a few times a week to remove toxins from the blood. With traditional vaccines, the immune system is unable to completely eliminate the virus, this vaccine would bolster the immune system for total removal of the virus.

Hepatitis B Approximately 1. The sixth most prescribed drug in America, tested on rats, mice, rabbits and marmosets, Diovan, is for high blood pressure. As we continue research into ways to improve joint replacement in humans we are now able to perform micro-joint replacements for cats and small dogs.

Other animals which are valuable to Cystic Fibrosis research are pigs and ferrets, as both have longer life spans than mice and have similar CF gene expressions to humans.

Among newborns, approximately 12, were born deaf, 3, were blind and 1, were mentally retarded. Overview. Animal research plays a significant role in medical advancements, providing scientific understanding and product confidence essential to success.

Why Animals are Used Animals are used in research when there is a need to find out what happens in the whole, living body, which is far more complex than the sum of its parts. It is difficult, and in most cases simply not yet possible, to replace the use of living animals in research with alternative methods.

Jan 26,  · In the past, animal research has played a critical role in vital health advancements such as preventing polio, eradicating smallpox and identifying new cancer treatments.

Home >> What We Do >> Keep You Informed >> Science Corner >> Alternatives to Animal Research. Those who defend the use of animals in research contend that nonhuman animals are enough like humans to make them scientifically adequate models of humans, but different enough to make it morally acceptable to experiment on them.

Animal studies continue to play a crucial part in medical, veterinary and scientific research that benefits both animals and humans. Americans for Medical Progress supports research involving animals when it is necessary to advance our understanding of biological processes.

Animal testing is essential to drug and vaccine research. In particular, animal experiments have been vital in discovering drugs that slow the progress of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the .

Animal research is essential for drug advancements
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Animal Testing: Humane Research from a Human Perspective – Speaking of Research